· 

Lesson8 Comprehension/Exercises

Comprehension

1.  When people from different cultures meet, a phenomenon called "language contact" occurs. One example is the language of the Ogasawata Islands. It is Japanese ( ①affected ) by English. Some elderly people of Western origin speak it.

     People speak Tok Pisin as an ( ②official ) language in Papua New Guinea. Its ( ③origin ) is Australian English mixed with the lacal languages. In Macao, the ( ④mixture ) of Cantonese and Portuguese became Macanese.

     Japanese and English also have experienced languahe contacts. They have borrowed some words from other languages contact should ( ⑤enrich ) each language equally.

 

Exercises

1.

1. ( Roughly ) (  speaking ), the population of Japan is 130 million.

 大まかにいえば、日本の人口は1置く130万人です。

2. When we do our homework together, we ( end ) ( up ) chatting.

 私たちは一緒に宿題をすると、最終的におしゃべりをすることになってしまいます。

3. We ( had ) ( difficulty ) locating the new restaurant.

 私たちは、その新しいレストランを見つけるのに苦労しました。

4. ( Millions ) ( of ) people visited the World Expo.

 何百人もの人々がその万国博覧会を訪れました。

2.

1. If I (  weren't ) sleepy, I would read that book.

    もし私が眠くなければ、その本を読むのに。

2. If he ( had suudied ) the night before, he could have answered the questions.

 もし彼が前の晩に勉強していたら、その問題に答えられただろうに。

3. I f he ( had not been ) sick, he would have attended the concert.

 もし彼が病気でなかったら、コンサートに参加できただろうに。

4. If Amy ( had watched ) TV last night, she couldn't have finished the work.

    もしエイミーが昨夜テレビを見なかったら、その仕事を終えることができたのに。

3.

1. ( Without ) the index, this book would be difficult to use.

2. I would not say such a thing if I ( were ) you.

3. But ( for ) errors in spelling, her writing would be perfect.

4.

1. ( No matter how busy ) he is, he watches the news every morning.

2. She will be pleased ( no matter what you ) give.

3. ( No matter when I see ) her, Naomi is smiling happily.