1. When people from different cultures meet, a phenomenon called "language contact" occurs. One example is the language of the Ogasawata Islands. It is Japanese ( ①affected ) by English. Some elderly people of Western origin speak it.
People speak Tok Pisin as an ( ②official ) language in Papua New Guinea. Its ( ③origin ) is Australian English mixed with the lacal languages. In Macao, the ( ④mixture ) of Cantonese and Portuguese became Macanese.
Japanese and English also have experienced languahe contacts. They have borrowed some words from other languages contact should ( ⑤enrich ) each language equally.
1. ( Roughly ) ( speaking ), the population of Japan is 130 million.
2. When we do our homework together, we ( end ) ( up ) chatting.
3. We ( had ) ( difficulty ) locating the new restaurant.
4. ( Millions ) ( of ) people visited the World Expo.
1. If I ( weren't ) sleepy, I would read that book.
2. If he ( had suudied ) the night before, he could have answered the questions.
3. I f he ( had not been ) sick, he would have attended the concert.
4. If Amy ( had watched ) TV last night, she couldn't have finished the work.
1. ( Without ) the index, this book would be difficult to use.
2. I would not say such a thing if I ( were ) you.
3. But ( for ) errors in spelling, her writing would be perfect.
1. ( No matter how busy ) he is, he watches the news every morning.
2. She will be pleased ( no matter what you ) give.
3. ( No matter when I see ) her, Naomi is smiling happily.